IPCPR Legislative | Political Involvement in Connecticut

Political Involvement in Connecticut

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Requirements for Political Involvement in Connecticut

“Lobbying” means communicating directly or soliciting others to communicate with any official or his staff in the legislative or executive branch of government or in a quasi-public agency, for the purpose of influencing any legislative or administrative action.

 

The term “lobbying” does not include:

  • Communications by or on behalf of a party to, or an intervenor in, a contested case before an executive agency or a quasi-public agency
  • Communications by a representative of a vendor or by an employee of the registered client lobbyist which representative or employee acts as a salesperson and does not otherwise engage in lobbying regarding any administrative action
  • Communications by an attorney made while engaging in the practice of law and regarding any matter other than legislative action or the proposal, drafting, development, consideration, amendment, adoption or repeal of any rule or regulation
  • Other communications exempted by regulations adopted by the State Ethics Commission

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-91(k)

 

A “lobbyist” is a person who in lobbying and in furtherance of lobbying makes or agrees to make expenditures, or receives or agrees to receive compensation, reimbursement, or both, and such compensation, reimbursement, or expenditures are $2,000 or more in any calendar year or the combined amount thereof is $2,000 or more in any such calendar year.

 

The term “lobbyist” does not include:

  • A public official, employee of a branch of state government or a subdivision thereof, or elected or appointed official of a municipality or his designee other than an independent contractor, who is acting within the scope of his authority or employment
  • A publisher, owner or an employee of the press, radio or television while disseminating news or editorial comment to the general public in the ordinary course of business
  • An individual representing himself or another person before the legislature or a state agency other than for the purpose of influencing legislative or administrative action
  • Any individual or employee who receives no compensation or reimbursement specifically for lobbying and who limits his activities solely to formal appearances to give testimony before public sessions of committees of the General Assembly or public hearings of state agencies and who, if he testifies, registers his appearance in the records of such committees or agencies
  • A member of an advisory board acting within the scope of his appointment
  • A senator or representative in Congress acting within the scope of his office
  • Any person who receives no compensation or reimbursement specifically for lobbying and who spends no more than 5 hours in furtherance of lobbying unless such person: exclusive of salary, receives compensation or makes expenditures, or both, of $2,000 or more in any calendar year for lobbying or the combined amount thereof is $2,000 or more in any such calendar year; or expends $50 or more for the benefit of a public official in the legislative or executive branch, a member of his staff or immediate family
  • A communicator lobbyist who receives or agrees to receive compensation, reimbursement, or both, the aggregate amount of which is less $2,000 from each client in any calendar year

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-91(l)

 

A “client lobbyist” is a lobbyist on behalf of whom lobbying takes place and who makes expenditures for lobbying and in furtherance of lobbying.

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-91(u)

 

A “communicator lobbyist” is a lobbyist who communicates directly or solicits others to communicate with an official or his staff in the legislative or executive branch of government or in a quasi-public agency for the purpose of influencing legislative or administrative action.

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-91(v)

 

“Legislative action” means introduction, sponsorship, consideration, debate, amendment, passage, defeat, approval, veto, overriding of a veto or any other official action or non-action with regard to any bill, resolution, amendment, nomination, appointment, report, or any other matter pending or proposed in a committee or in either house of the legislature, or any matter which is within the official jurisdiction or cognizance of the legislature.

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-91(j)

A lobbyist must register with the Office of State Ethics (“OSE”) if he or she:

  • Receives or agrees to receive compensation or reimbursement for actual expenses, or both, in a combined amount of $2,000 or more in a calendar year for lobbying, whether that receipt of compensation or reimbursement or agreement to receive such compensation or reimbursement is solely for lobbying or the lobbying is incidental to that person’s regular employment; or
  • Makes or incurs an obligation to make expenditures of $2,000 or more in a calendar year for lobbying.

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-94: Lobbyist registration with the Office of State Ethics.

 

Both client lobbyists and communicator lobbyists must register with the OSE on or before January 15th or prior to the commencement of lobbying, whichever is later. During an odd-numbered year, the registration fee is $250, and the registration is valid until the end of the next even-numbered year. Registration during an even-numbered year is valid until the end of that even-numbered year and costs $125.

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-95: Registration procedure. Fees.

 

Lobbyists are required to register and file online through the OSE Lobbyist Registration Portal (https://www.oseapps.ct.gov/NewLobbyist/Registration/NewUser.aspx). After setting up an online account, client and communicator lobbyists must register by submitting the appropriate registration forms (Form ETH-1B for client lobbyists and Forms ETH-1A and ETH-2A for communicator lobbyists) and the registration fee. Communicator lobbyists must file a separate Form ETH-1A and Form ETH-2A for each client.

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-96b: Filing of registrants’ financial reports in electronic form.

 

Client lobbyists are required to electronically file quarterly financial reports on Form ETH-2D on or before the 10th day of April, July, and January (3rd and 4th quarters combined), even if there were no lobbying activities or expenditures made during the reporting period. Client lobbyists must file Form ETH-2D monthly if: the legislature is in regular session; and the client lobbyist has expended or agreed to expend $100 or more in legislative lobbying during the previous month.

 

Communicator lobbyists are required to electronically file financial reports on Form ETH-2A and ETH-2B. The filing deadline for ETH-2A for each client is due on or before January 10th of each year. Form ETH-2B must be filed quarterly on or before the 10th day of April, July, and January (3rd and 4th quarters combined), or monthly if: the legislature is in regular session; and the communicator lobbyist has expended or agreed to expend $100 or more in legislative lobbying during the previous month.

 

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 1-96: Financial reports of registrants. Requirements.

 

Connecticut Office of State Ethics: Lobbyist Filing System and Information
http://www.ct.gov/ethics/cwp/view.asp?a=2309&q=428540&ethicsNav=|

 

Client Lobbyist Guide to the Code of Ethics
http://www.ct.gov/ethics/lib/ethics/guides/2012/client_lobbyists_guide_2012_final.pdf

 

Communicator Lobbyist Guide to the Code of Ethics
http://www.ct.gov/ethics/lib/ethics/guides/2012/communicator_lobbyist_guide.pdf

 

Lobbyist Filing System

Registration
https://www.oseapps.ct.gov/NewLobbyist/Registration/NewUser.aspx

 

Log-In
https://www.oseapps.ct.gov/NewLobbyist/security/loginhome.aspx

 

Frequently Asked Questions – Lobbyists
http://www.ct.gov/ethics/cwp/view.asp?a=3523&q=417096

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